Table 7 indicates that during the reference period (2012-2016), a total of $54M was spent by the AJD on the AJS, an amount 10% less than the $60M allocated (budgeted). Sources: Statistics Canada, 2016, Cansim Tables 251-0022. The Saskatoon Tribal Council program also uses a coordinator to develop and share resources across all communities it covers, which is considered cost effective. The Indigenous justice policy function has resided outside the AJD in recent years, and the focus has been on comprehensive lands claims, specific claims, self-government and other rights-based issues, as opposed to community-level programming. It seeks to accomplish this goal through ongoing cultural training. Direct linkages with providers allow a more adapted delivery to communities, including risk-based project monitoring. Monitoring and evaluation; While building on the previous Agreements and successful initiatives implemented under them, Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja reflects current Aboriginal community aspirations for greater self-determination and significant structural and system change. As AJS-funded programs served thousands of participants each year, these cost savings per participant would contribute to much greater total savings. Finseth, S. & Peterson-Badali, M. (2015). Careers. FPT justice officials were also asked about whether the conditions remained to demonstrate an ongoing need for alternative Indigenous justice approaches. Nous sommes désolés que vous ayez abouti ici. 2016-17 Report on Plans and Priorities. Note: Recidivism rates are fitted from the Cox Proportional Hazards Model and are based on the average characteristics of the national sample: number of prior drug convictions (mean=0.2), number of prior violent convictions (mean=1.2), number of prior non-violent convictions (mean=2.1), and age (mean= 30). In 1999 the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the section applies to all Indigenous people regardless of where they live in Canada [R. vs Gladue (1999) 1 S.C.R. First Nation Housing Evaluation Case Studies. However, the percentage decrease in adult custodial admissions among Indigenous adults (20% over the five years) is less than the percentage decrease among adult non-Indigenous admissions (22%). The Aboriginal Justice Strategy (AJS), now known as the Indigenous Justice Program, supports community-based justice programs that offer alternatives to mainstream justice processes in appropriate circumstances. The Productivity Commission’s Indigenous Evaluation Strategy issues paper cites a 2016 ... have a better evidence base of how family and culture is a critical protective factor to reducing contact with the justice system.” We do need to consider just a fundamental shift in the way we do it, because ultimately if we don’t, we’ll be in the same position in 20 or 30 years. When agencies refer to such a program, it is reasonable to infer that they consider the programs to be suitable alternatives to the MJS, and that a degree of collaboration exists such that they are aware of the community-based justice programs and trust their quality. This was even more pronounced for Indigenous women who accounted for a higher proportion of female admissions to provincial/territorial sentenced custody (38%) and federal sentenced custody (31%) than did Indigenous males (24% of provincial/territorial and 22% of federal admissions). Some of these have to do with the way that communities plan and implement their programs and services. Case study participants emphasized the challenge of recovering as communities from many years of discrimination and systemic abuse, and the fact that the AJS, while important and beneficial, is just one component of a larger and broader effort that is required. Specifically, the Economic Action Plan 2012 proposed $11.9 million for the Family Violence Prevention Program in 2012-13. A number of successes were identified through the AJS case studies associated with promising alternative approaches to justice. The costs of AJS-funded programs were calculated based on the amounts allocated from the Department and cost-shared contributions from the provinces and territories for the 2014-15 fiscal year. For example, one of the community-based justice programs, the United Chiefs and Council of Mnidoo Mnisig, accepts pre- and post-charge diversions and provides advice on sentencing to youth and adult band members. ABORIGINAL JUSTICE IN PEI NOTES ON THE ASSESSMENT OF THE MCPEI’S ABORIGINAL JUSTICE PROGRAM ... not to speak of the funding parameters for the federal Aboriginal Justice Strategy which is itself up for renewal every five years, it is the appropriate time to ... A variety of research strategies and tactics were employed in this evaluation, implementing the strategic plan outlined above. The success of the program and its ability to generate improvements in the community were also seen as being influenced by factors internal and external to the program. However, they almost uniformly raised the issue of “coverage”, pointing out that many Indigenous communities, and therefore many Indigenous people, do not have access to such alternatives and are left to work within the existing MJS. Profile of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. The intention is to involve the Indigenous organizations in further planning and seek their comments on a draft information package. The purpose is to reinforce accountability to the community where the offence took place, and to ease the burden on the victim – rather than have the victim travel to the offender’s home community, the offender must travel to the victim’s home community. View submissions and brief comments. However, in 2014-15, 52% of Indigenous youth admitted to correctional services were admitted to custody, whereas the comparable figure for non-Indigenous youth was 42%. Council of Yukon First Nations: The Gladue Training and Mentorship Project supports the Yukon Community Justice coordinators and courtworkers to gain skills and knowledge of the Gladue principles and practices, and to assume greater responsibility for providing the courts with Gladue Reports. To estimate the value of these cost savings, the incremental reduction in the average recidivism rates between program participants and the comparison group were calculated each year for eight years following program participation. Boyce, J. Recommendation 3 The Department of Justice and Regulation develops a social and emotional wellbeing strategy The Elsipogtog Restorative Justice program (ERJP) has been in existence since 2000, funded essentially by the federal Aboriginal Justice Strategy. Police reported housing stability to be very important (89%), whereas it was considered less important for Crown representatives (57%). The first Victorian Aboriginal Justice Agreement (AJA1 2000-2006) was developed in response to recommendations from the 1991 Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody and subsequent 1997 National Ministerial Summit on Indigenous Deaths in Custody. Interviews and case studies pointed to situations where CJWs are performing some of the functions of courtworkers and provincial probation officers, and other situations where disagreements are occurring among these same functional areas over mandates and responsibilities. The most extensive study conducted in Canada about charity organizations indicated that on average, administrative costs absorbed by charitable programs represent 16% of their expenditures. Section 4.2.2 of this report explains the origin and significance of Gladue guidelines. 1 (December 2006) – Participation of Aboriginal people in the MERIT program: Main findings Crime Prevention Issues No. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Mid-Term Evaluation, Final Report. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Evaluation Case Studies. Many residents of communities with access to community-based justice programs do not access those services because referrals do not take place. January 1, 2011. AJS programs typically address cultural and spiritual aspects of the lives of clients, with a view to addressing those root causes and helping individuals towards a healthier path of life. All three of these programs assist the court in taking into account the unique circumstances of Aboriginal defendants when determining sentencing Footnote 31. In 2014, the rate of violent victimization among Indigenous women (220 per 1,000 people) was double the violent victimization of Indigenous men (110 per 1,000 people), triple the rate of non-Indigenous women (81 per 1,000 people), and over triple the rate of non-Indigenous men (66 per 1,000 people) Footnote 17. Youth often find it difficult to participate and complete the programs without the support from their families and other support systems Footnote 38. An Aboriginal community controlled justice sector Self-determination in the justice sector. As discussed earlier in this report, Indigenous people are overrepresented in correctional facilities Footnote 36. Appendix D provides the details of the comparative cost calculations. This concern was echoed by FPT justice officials, who noted that funding for the programs has increased only modestly, and at times has reduced over the history of the program, in the face of increasing costs and increasing caseloads for some programs Footnote 33. January 1, 2010. Koori Youth Justice Strategy. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Evaluation Case Studies. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Summative Evaluation Inventory of Interview Questions. If the full allocated resources could have been expended, the efficiency ratio would have been 0.15. Community. FPT government KIs pointed to their awareness of recent data on Indigenous overrepresentation (such as the recent report from the Canadian Centre for Criminal Justice Statistics), and to their own observations of ongoing issues or overrepresentation in Indigenous communities, as the basis for their belief that there is a continued need for programs and services that provide alternative justice approaches. The Indian Youth Friendship Society in Thunder Bay, Ontario, operates an Indigenous Community Council Program that is a diversion program for Indigenous youth and adults. The number of cases receiving legal aid was calculated as the total number of approved criminal legal aid applications for all provincial and territorial legal aid plans ($311,158). As section 4.2.5 describes in more detail, an analysis of recidivism rates indicates that program participants are about 40% less likely to reoffend than those eligible but not participating, and that this effect carries over well past the time of the offences in question (at least eight years, which is the limit of the analysis). Description of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. … The program also employs traditional law principles of accountability, healing, and making amends in order to develop a plan of action for offenders who have accepted responsibility for their offences. Case study participants and some comments accompanying survey responses indicated that there is a perceived divide between the MJS and the kind of justice delivered by community-based justice programs. Both of these groups indicated strong support for the continued need. Further, in recent years, the Community-based Justice Programs Fund has focused on government priorities such as violence against Indigenous women and girls, regional gatherings and training. The AJS meets the Department’s 2016-17 Expected Results by providing “a justice system that responds to the needs of Aboriginal people by providing culturally relevant information and services” Footnote 25. The difference between cost of the MJS per participant and AJS cost per participant. In the evaluation period, funding for capacity-building projects totaled about $4.6 million. Please also note: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this website may contain names, images and voices of deceased people. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Evaluation Case Studies. Evaluation Strategy and cultural safety as the principle that underpins the evaluation approach. According to interviews and administrative data, although regional delivery involves costs of staffing the regional presence, there are net benefits. Evidence from this modest assessment indicates that it has met its goals and objectives in a significant … As the costs of AJS-funded programs, numbers of clients served, and reductions in participant recidivism rates tend to remain relatively steady over time, it is reasonable to assume that the future cost savings incurred each year would be similar. Boyce cautioned that the 220 per 1,000 and 110 per 1,000 statistics must be used with caution given the possibility of sampling error. The previous administration was committed to promoting justice, in particular by supporting victims. The coordinator then serves as a repository for knowledge of communities and interventions but also trains any new CJW and supports them as they learn the role, shortening the time it takes for them to be comfortable in the role while the director of the program can focus time on outreach and advocacy. No figures for community justice program caseloads or expenditures were available, but CJWs indicate that caseloads have gradually increased as programs and MJS relationships have developed, and that administrative expenses tend to increase over time, presumably in line with inflation. The AJS has been evaluated four times in the past, with the last evaluation in 2011. This analysis examined the relation between planned and actual expenditures for the AJD, which is the responsibility centre within the Department for the administration and delivery of the AJS. Sort by: Sort direction: Item(s) per Page. Back to top. AJD officials, including Regional Coordinators, have found themselves unable to take on these functions beyond existing levels because of budget cutbacks and the need for employees to focus with regular frequency on program renewal rather than on program enhancements or planning activities Footnote 40. Legal aid costs were considered to be the sum of all provincial and territorial legal aid plans' direct legal service expenditures in the areas of criminal law in 2014-15 ($356,431,000). In total, in comparison to other departmental funding programs, performance results were similar for the five years. 3. The fiscal restraint had an impact on human resource management within the AJD. Within the Department, there have been recent efforts to better coordinate these related policy and program areas, but there is still room for improvement. Date modified: 2017-02-10 Section menu About Us. KIs pointed to the fact that the AJS FPT WG is not part of the Department’s structure of committees of senior officials, and therefore has no effective mechanism through which to move its ideas forward or make decisions. The AJS is managed by the Aboriginal Justice Directorate, a component of the Department of Justice Programs Branch. In Nova Scotia, the RCMP, Nova Scotia Department of Justice, Mi’kmaw Legal Support Network, and the Department have worked together to review pre-diversion rates over the past five years, and develop and implement a strategy for improving numbers province-wide. The following definitions were used in estimating the costs per client of AJS-funded programs: For comparative purposes, the costs of the MJS were also calculated. Source: Statistics Canada, 2016, Cansim Tables 251-0012. Tending the Fire Evaluation and Evaluation Framework. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander justice initiatives. common objectives and possible collaboration of ACW and AJS to improve program services and efficiency; ACW and AJS needs for which the respective programs identify a benefit in working together; and. NSW Aboriginal Justice Advisory Committee: Subjects: Evaluation, Policing: Description. This highlights that most referrals (almost 99%) come from police, Crown, the courts or other government officials. The total number of criminal cases processed in courts in 2013-14 was then projected for 2014-15 ($393,295). 6.2 The AJS was created in 1991 to address the disproportionate rate of victimization, crime and incarceration among Indigenous people in Canada. Introduction. These include addressing gaps in services to Indigenous people and reviewing changes in the criminal justice system and sentencing reforms; and increased use of restorative justice processes and other initiatives to reduce the rate of incarceration amongst Indigenous Canadians. • whether there is merit in considering recommendation 2.1 from the Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory, Another client from Eastern Canada had a plan of action that included a letter of apology and volunteering time in the community. The branch is committed to building a workforce that understands the needs of Aboriginal offenders and their communities. Specifically, we believe that examining outcomes regarding systemic discrimination in the delivery of government programs and services, and in interactions with the justice system, should be of the highest priority in any Indigenous Evaluation Strategy. 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